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A partnership between the United States and India aims to compete with China in the armaments and AI markets.

Tuesday is the first day that the White House and India will work together. President Joe Biden thinks that this will help both countries compete with China in making military equipment, electronics, and artificial intelligence.

To compete with Huawei Technologies in China, the U.S. government wants to increase the number of Western mobile phone networks in the area, bring more Indian computer chip experts to the U.S., and encourage American and Indian businesses that make military hardware like artillery systems to work together.

The United States’ limitations on the transfer of military technology and on immigrant labour visas, together with India’s historic reliance on Moscow for military hardware, present the White House with an uphill battle on each front.

On Tuesday, Jake Sullivan, Biden’s national security adviser, and Ajit Doval, his Indian counterpart, will launch the U.S.-India Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies at the White House.

According to Sullivan, “the bigger challenge posed by China—its economic practises, its aggressive military actions, and its ambitions to dominate the industries of the future and control the supply networks of the future—have had a tremendous impact on the thinking in Delhi.”

Doval will also have a meeting with Secretary of State Anthony Blinken during his Wednesday-ending, three-day stay in Washington, D.C.

By taking part in military drills with Russia and boosting its purchases of the nation’s crude oil—a crucial source of finance for Russia’s conflict in Ukraine—New Delhi has irritated Washington. However, Washington has remained silent, urging India to be more aggressive toward China while nudging the country on Russia.

Sullivan and Doval attended a Chamber of Commerce event on Monday with executives from Applied Materials Inc., Lockheed Martin Corp. (NYSE:LMT), and Adani Enterprises (NASDAQ:AMAT).

India has chosen not to participate in the IPEF trade pillar negotiations despite being a part of the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF), the Biden administration’s flagship Asian engagement initiative.

A collaborative effort on high-performance quantum computing and space is also included in the programme.

According to the White House, a review is underway, and General Electric (NYSE: GE) Co. has requested permission to collaborate with India to produce jet engines that would power Indian-made and -operated aircraft.

The U.S. government will swiftly assess General Electric’s proposal, according to New Delhi, and the two nations will concentrate on producing “essential goods of mutual interest” in defence jointly.

The two nations also agreed to create a task force with the India Semiconductor Mission, the India Electronics Semiconductor Association (IESA), and the U.S. Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA) to support the growth of semiconductor ecosystems. They also established a quantum technology coordination mechanism.

According to an Indian announcement, NASA will collaborate with India’s space agency on programmes and the potential for human spaceflight.

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